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6 Most Efficient Marketplace Business Models To Boost Revenue

For any business, it is necessary to have the funding for its growth and maintenance. And this funding must come from the community that you serve, the users of your website. There comes a definite need for a perfect marketplace business model. Marketplace businesses are long-term initiatives. You need to find a revenue model that will finance its operations to build a sustainable and successful marketplace platform.

One of the most prevalent reasons why startups fail is that they choose a business model that doesn’t ensure sustainability in the long run. We have below six distinct models that are most widely used by online marketplace companies around:

  1. Freemium Business Model
  2. Commission-integrated Business Model
  3. Premium Business Model
  4. Nominal Fee Model
  5. Pay per Lead Model
  6. Sponsored Listings and Advertisements

We will now go ahead and discuss them in detail.

1. Freemium Business Model

“Freemium” – a combination of “free” and “premium” – has become the dominant business model among internet start-ups and developers of smartphone apps over the past decade. Although the Freemium model suggests that the core offering is free, you offer paid value-adding features after you get your users hooked. Let’s understand by example.

Olx, a Dutch-domiciled online marketplace, has built a C2C platform where individuals can sell and buy stuff from each other at no extra cost. For all users of the platform, the basic experience is free. By offering premium services, Olx has opted to monetize.

Pros:

  • Most accurate to get maximum users hooked
  • Most likely to get positive reviews

Cons:

  • A big challenge to find that balance between free and premium features, so that people don’t leave immediately
  • Increases the chances of cybercrime, which may degrade customer’s trust

2. Commission-integrated Business Model

The commission model is a revenue model where a certain fee for each transaction is charged to a user. It is by far the most popular business model for modern online marketplaces. The marketplace charges a percentage or a fixed fee for its services when the customer pays the supplier. Either the seller or the buyer may be charged by the platform.

The best-known marketplace platforms use the commission model as their primary business models, such as Airbnb, Etsy, eBay, Fiverr, TaskRabbit, and Uber.

Pros:

  • Anyone can join the platform for free
  • Makes a perfect place for sellers

Cons:

  • Users may not get enough value from the platform and may leave
  • A big challenge to decide the right commission fee

3. Premium Business Model

The premium business model is a revenue model where a recurring fee to access the marketplace is charged to either some or all of the users of a marketplace. The typical value proposition for providers is that the platform helps them find new clients with this model. If the value you provide is high, the membership fee is a good choice and a typical user will participate in several transactions.

Brand image is an important factor here. Examples of companies doing great with this model comprise C2C marketplaces (like OkCupid and Home Exchange) and B2C marketplaces (like LinkedIn and Netflix).

Pros:

  • It is viable in the early stages
  • It is quite a simple model to implement

Cons:

  • Mandatory payments prevent users from signing up to
  • One has to be convincing to make a mark

4. Nominal Fee Model

In the nominal fee model, sellers are charged for each offer on the platform that they upload. When posting new listings, some marketplaces charge a fee from these providers. This model is typically used when providers receive value based on the number of listings on the site they have, and the potential value per listing is large. Sellers profit from having more of them listed because resources are scarce.

In this category, perhaps the most well-known example is Craigslist. It’s a collection of local sites where people can post listings of anything they want. Generally, it is free to post a new listing to Craigslist (to reach critical user mass), but they charge a certain fee for listing in some categories. This is how they make the model work.

Pros:

  • It is a revenue-generating model from day one
  • It gives more visibility to the products and hence, a buzzing place for sellers.

Cons:

  • There is a big challenge to decide what is going to be the nominal fee. Since it doesn’t guarantee success to sellers, the fee can’t be high.
  • No sellers imply no revenue

5. Pay per lead Model

Pay per lead model is somewhere between the nominal fee model and the commission models. Your vendors will be able to browse the list of prospective customers or deals in this case but will need to pay to view the details or an individual deal.

You only pay when you are put in contact with a potential customer: Exactly what Thumbtack is doing right now. A B2C marketplace for all kinds of local professional services, thumbtack has been doing quite well with this model amassing 423.2 million dollar funding since its inception.

Pros:

  • Vendors have access to assured leads for their business, which enables them to make the payment
  • It has a better value proposition than most of the other models

Cons:

  • This model works only if the value of a lead is high.
  • It can be used to offer only B2B or B2C services.

6. Sponsored Listings and Advertisements

Sponsored listings bring more visibility to providers regarding their offerings. Listing on the site is typically free if this model is used, but providers can pay to have their listing featured on the site’s homepage or at the top of a certain category. It is relatively close to pure advertising models, where you show ads to your users.

To have their listing shown before others, a seller can opt-in to pay an additional fee; a model largely utilized by the food delivery giant Zomato. It lets restaurants and food vendors appear on their top search list but at a fixed price. For classified ad sites like Zillow, sponsored listings and advertisements are both popular revenue streams.

Pros:

  • It opens new horizons of revenue and greater cash inflow.
  • This model can be clubbed with other business models for a more effective strategy

Cons:

  • One needs to have enough visitor base to lure sellers into paying for listings and advertisements.
  • One might lose some customer base, owing to advertisements that are a hindrance to some.

Summing Up…

There’s no “one size fits all” strategy when it comes to deciding a perfect marketplace business model. There are many different business models used by modern marketplaces.

It might be a good idea to try out various business models to find the best option that suits your business concept. In the beginning, to prevent sidetracking your focus, you should have only one revenue stream in use at a time. Want help in doing so? Code Brew is more than happy to do that for you. Get In Touch with our level of expertise and realize our ways of brewing success for our clients.

February 18, 2021
Author

Neha Sharma

Being a Senior Content Writer at Code Brew, Neha is intrigued by new trends and technologies in the digital world. She is fond of curating, developing, and designing different types of content to help businesses grow in this competitive era.

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